In these years one of the fields that is having the most rapid developments is the robotics. With robotics, today, we intend the design, construction, operation, and application of automated machines in human life. We can find robots mainly in industries, where they automate processes of work, but it is becoming increasingly important the market of social robots, that are robots built to stay closely to the human, interacting in our daily activities. These robots usually do a limit number of actions, and they are not provide good learning capacity.
However, the long great goal of robotics is developing new architectures that imitate real natural systems behaviour, and if it is possible, create a humanoid robot that act and think like us.
How the human brain accomplishes all the complex tasks that we do is not yet completely clear and for this reason is quite hard to build a robot similar to us. However, thanks to the use of new and smarter materials and to studies in mechanics,electronics, artificial intelligence and biology, barriers that seemed insurmountable a years ago now are not anymore; recent robots are more complex and efficient compared to the past and in a sense, they are able to reproduce some human behaviour, also if these are complex.
There are still several issues that have not yet been solved, and now new studies are searching new solutions keeping inspiration from nature, that is bio-inspired robotics. In particular, bio-inspired robotics aims at reproducing, among other things, the ability of humans in autonomous movements and development of learning capabilities in robot, allowing them to stay in a dynamic environment. Movements allow to interact with the world and at the same time a way to develop new goals and to satisfy them. Some movements are available from birth and they represent survival and exploratory functions, which enable humans to build sensorimotor maps that we use as the basis for other elements activities .
We need a biologically inspired model for the generation and adaptation of the movements. We want to make a contribution to finding a solution that would allow complex robots to move, that is a problem where classical control show their limit due to an high number of degree of freedom. The main concept is imitation learning. Different…